1- Pinot Noir
Pinot noir is a very famous and widespread variety worldwide . The wines it produces are of supreme quality, but at the same time, the variety is also very delicate in terms of viticulture and works well in cold climates or at high altitudes, in Spain around 1000m.
The Pinot Noir grape varieties are a variety originating in French Burgundy with excellent qualities.
Pinot noir is also known for:
- Plant Fin,
4- Characteristics of the grape, berry and pulp
Bunches of pinot noir:
Small in size, very compact and uniform, with a short peduncle and no lignifacation.
Cylindrical or conical in shape but short.
Of size small to medium, with black epidermis bluish scar estilar very visible, with circular section profile.
Of difficult detachment from its pedicel .
With thick skin .
Of pulp without anthocyanin, pigmentation soft and very juicy, with a characteristic herbaceous flavor. Very sensitive to cracking and friction.
5- Characteristics of the Strains:
- Of force means.
- With early sprouting and ripening .
- The strains are not very fertile.
- Of lowered bearing.
6- Viticultural Characteristics of the Pinot Noir grape varieties
Very delicate variety in its cultivation, since it is very sensitive to fungal diseases of the wood.
- Sensitive to mildew and powdery mildew .
- Very sensitive to botrytis .
- Sensitive to cluster moths , leafhoppers and spider mites.
- Sensitive to climatic drift .
- It adapts well to temperate climates.
- It accepts all types of soils as long as they have good drainage, although it prefers calcareous soils. It gives its best results in clay-calcareous soils.
- Sensitive to cold spring and very sensitive to excessive temperatures in summer as its clusters become sunny and it loses its leaves very soon.
- In hot climates it ripens very quickly and is sensitive to sunburn on the fruit.
- It has high nutritional requirements in magnesium and is sensitive to the drying of the stalk.
- It responds very well to the contributions of phosphorus and has low requirements in nitrogen and potassium.
- Little sensitive to the wind.
- It is driven on a trellis . It requires long supported pruning . Low fertility. It forms clusters by having many branches of the year on its branches.
- It does not ripen well in unfavorable conditions, in poorly controlled irrigation it gives rise to very acid musts, with little color and that do not mature and take up enough sugar.
- There are clones with very hairy leaves called Pinot meunier or Meunier with very hairy white tops and small clusters and with a low number of berries.
7- Oenological potential of the variety
It produces a high quality wine suitable for aging, fine, intense and complex.
It produces musts with a lot of sugar if the grape ripens properly, with medium acidity.
These freshly pressed musts are colorless , but if they are kept in contact with the skins, they quickly take on a first intense pink color and later a very bright intense ruby red, although with brownish reflections, for this reason they can give white wines by bleeding or fast draining and reds in usual elaborations.
Suitable for cavas, champagne and sparkling wines.
Aged wines with body and vigor, with high aromatic complexity.
Base for wines with a particular bouquet, especially if the grape comes from calcareous soils. Remember the aromas of raspberry and ripe strawberries.
It loses part of its characteristics in very hot areas.
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