1- Cardinal Grape: Red Table Grapes
The Cardinal grape was obtained in 1939 in Fresno (Califormia) by crossing Flame Tokay and Alfonso Lavallée.
- Large size
- Very low or low compactness
- With a peduncle of medium length and almost no lignification.
- With berries of uniform size and very heterogeneous color.
- Very large in size, spherical in shape and circular in profile.
- With red to dark purple skin, of medium thickness.
- Pulp without pigmentation, with very patent and reddish vasculation, of medium consistency, crunchy and slightly juicy, with a very particular taste and aroma.
- Difficult to detach.
Cardinal strains are of medium vigor, high fertility and production.
The strains of the cardinal are short cycle.
Budding, sifting and veraison mid-season.
6- Agronomic characteristics and adaptation to the viticultural environment:
- Budding, flowering, veraison and early maturation.
- Sensitive to bleeding.
- Not very sensitive to powdery mildew and mildew.
- Sensitive to cluster moth.
- Sensitive to berry cracking.
- Branch trimming may be appropriate.
- Requires thinning or bunch pruning.
- Improves coloration by removing leaves.
- The color of its epidermis is standardized using ethylene in the field at the beginning of the poisoning.
- Very resistant to transport.
- The cardinal has a very good conservation.
- It has a high sugar content.
- The cardinal is of low acidity.
- Highly appreciated for its extreme precocity that can be brought forward a month through the use of mesh and plastic covers.
- It is grown both in glass and on trellises depending on the area, although the current trend is to cultivate it is high trellis or vine.
7- Sensory analysis:
Very good general assessment for its color, thickness of the skin, particular aromas, aptitude for transport….