1- PERLETTE – Seedless table grape.
Perlette, was obtained in Davis, California, by HP OLMO, in 1946, from a cross made in 1936 between Reina de las Viñas x Sultanina.
2- Synonyms of the perlette grape:
California 1253 F 21, Perlet, Perletta, Szerzertendrei Magvatlon.
Medium size, pyramidal conical shape.
Very homogeneous berry size and heterogeneous color.
Small size, spherical in shape, with circular section.
Very regular yellow-green skin, with a medium amount of bloom.
Fine and delicate epidermis.
Consistent and crisp pulp, not colored, very juicy, without peculiar aromas or flavors.
Medium to high vigor.
Early sprouting, mid-season to early ripening and veraison, very early maturation.
Station. Too early.
Before Flame Seedless and Cardinal, 20 to 25 days before Sultanina (M. CACERES, E., 1996).
7- Agronomic characteristics:
Sensitive to cold in spring.
Sensitive to mildew.
Not very sensitive to powdery mildew.
Not very sensitive to brotitis.
Medium sugar content and balanced acidity.
As a table it matures properly in early August.
1.1-1.2. High. With fruiting habit in basal buds.
Production of the perlette
It adapts to conduits in vine and trellis.
8- Poda .
It adapts well to vine or cordon pruning, short or semi-cut, medium pruning.
9- Fitness of the perlette grape
The small size of the grain and the compactness of the bunch, poses marketing problems. It requires the application of adequate techniques, mainly girdling, thinning and treatments with gibberellins.
It keeps well on the plant and is moderately resistant to transport.
Its interest lies in being one of the earliest ripening table grape varieties.
As a table grape it has great prestige within the group of apirenas, and it has proven to be much more transportable than Sultanina.
10- Countries of cultivation of the perlette
It is present in:
- Russian Federation,
- South Africa,