The Palomino is the base variety of the wines of Jerez, brought in the 16th century by the troops of Flanders and perfectly adapted to the characteristics of the environment and climate of the Andalusian and Extremaduran wine regions.
2- Sinonimias del Palomino
Palomino blanco, Chipiona, Pinchito.
3- Characteristics of the grape
Large in size, medium to high compactness, with a very short peduncle.
Medium to small in size, not very uniform within the same cluster, with yellowish-green epidermis, with spherical section and difficult to detach from the pedicel.
With very thin skin, sensitive to friction and abundant bloom.
With unpigmented pulp, soft and quite juicy, without peculiar flavors but quite fruity.
The palomino strains are of medium vigor and tending towards horizontality, with mid-season overflow, high fertility and production.
4- Pruning of the Palomino
-It is sensitive to the breaking of branches by the wind and it is very convenient to establish the vines on a trellis.
-There is a peculiar type of supported driving, which has obviously evolved over time and is called Jerez-type pruning , similar to a guyot but with certain peculiarities.
-It adapts well to cordon pruning.
5- Agronomic characteristics and adaptation to viticulture
-It is a variety very resistant to drought and intense summer heat, well adapted, if the pattern is suitable for limestone soils, where it hardly shows chlorosis.
-It is very sensitive to mildew, powdery mildew especially in attacks on bunches, gray rot and attacks by the cluster moth.
-It does not seem very affected by wood diseases.
-Being a very productive variety, it has many potash requirements to produce grapes with adequate must. There are quite a few selected clones in Rancho de la Merced and some are commercialized.
6- Winemaking potential
-The palomino produces medium-strength wines, a very pale yellow color with herbaceous aromas.
-The vocation of the palomino variety is the production of biologically aged wines to obtain chamomile, fine, fragrant and amontillados.
-Special mention deserves its wines aged under the “flower veil” by autochthonous yeasts that remain (in the manzanillas) or pass to the background (in the fine wines of Jerez) come to dominate the primary aromas of the variety.
-In oxidative aging (amontillados) they give more aromatic, highly almond-shaped and saline wines that turn to hazelnut, balsamic and with aromas that are also reminiscent of dried fruits in the amontillados.
7- Palomino Fino
Some authors differentiate some plant materials denominations Palomino Fino, which tend to have looser bunch, thicker and more uniform berry and with a somewhat flattened profile and thinner epidermis.
8- Characteristics of the Palomino Fino grape
Medium in size.
Truncated cone shape.
Very high number of berries, medium compactness and uniform grain size.
Circular section and slightly flattened profile.
Juicy, uncolored pulp, with a very high and soft yield.
No particular flavors or aromas.
– Vigorous, semi-erect and with good rennet.
– Time of budding, flowering, veraison and maturation of the middle season.
– Precocious drying.
– Short internodes.
– Difficult to handle in pruning.
9- Agronomic behavior
– High resistance to iron chlorosis.
– Good resistance to drought.
– Sensitive to mildew.
– Sensitive to powdery mildew.
– Sensitive to brotitis.
– High sugar content in the must that is low in acidity.