1- What is a rosé wine?
The first thing we must clarify is the difference between rosé and claret wine.
In claret wines the fermentation takes place in the presence of skins and in rosé wines the fermentation takes place without the presence of skins, the must that has taken on color ferments without the solid parts.
2- What varieties of vine are used in the production of rosé wine?
The quality rosés come mostly from red grapes and from a single variety.
Rosé wines can be made from red grapes or from a mixture of white grapes with inks.
3- How is rosé wine made? Various types of elaborations.
1. Rosé wine from direct pressing: Upon arrival at the winery, the red grape is pressed, as in white winemaking, and the must takes on a little color from the skin pigments. It is then fermented.
2. Rosé Wine from bleeding: roughly the process is as follows: We destemmed and squeezed and left to macerate for a short period (less than red wines, between 8-24h). During this small maceration, the must takes on color and aromas from the skins. The characteristic hue of the rosés is due to the maceration time of the must with the skins. The must is then separated ( bleeding ) from the solid parts and fermented at a controlled temperature of 17 to 20 ºC.
At the end of the alcoholic fermentation, the wine is sulphited, clarified and stabilized, to avoid malolactic fermentation or second fermentation, since we would lose the acidity and freshness of these wines.
Other articles published in this viticulture blog about winemaking that may interest you are:
- Mistelas. Homemade sweet wines.
- How to make wine at home step by step. Preparation of red.
- How to make wine? Homemade white wine.