Custody of the territory. Agrosystems of the vine.
What is the custody of the territory?
The custody of the territory is a set of strategies and instruments that seek to involve the owners and users of the territory in the conservation and proper use of natural, cultural and landscape values and resources.
The mechanisms used by land stewardship are very varied and range from awareness raising, education and volunteering activities for responsible management, to voluntary agreements for farm management; always seeking agreements with the owners, offering them the possibility of being responsible for the values found in their territories.
A little history about the custody of the territory:
The concept of custody of the territory is a relatively new concept that affects any type of cultivation closely linked to the territory in which it is located and that it is necessary to protect.
The origins must be sought at the end of the 19th century in the United States. Since then, this concept has spread throughout the world. In Spain, the first embryo emerged in 1975 with the creation of the Montejo de la Vega Raptor Refuge in Segovia promoted by Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente and WWF / Adena.
In 2003, the Territory Custody network was created; In addition, the State Forum for the Custody of the Territory is recently established, which seeks the institutional, legal, social and technical promotion of the concept and its application in the management and conservation of natural, cultural and landscape heritage.
Custody of the territory, viticulture, vineyards and the environment.
This is where the cultivation of the vine has a lot to say.
The vine in many regions of Spain is closely linked to the territory, forming part of the peculiarity of the landscape of each region .
In order to protect and, ultimately, guard the territory destined for the cultivation of the vine, it must be studied as a whole, not the plant in isolation, but the agrosystem in which it develops, that is, a compendium of united varietal diversity to the cultural traditions (forms of cultivation, systems of conduction and pruning, cultural management, productive characteristics, etc.) that make the cultivation of the vine so peculiar and differentiating in many areas of Spain . This happens in the steep terrain of the Sil river valley, in the peculiar pipes that make up the Orotava cords in Tenerife, the great plains covered by glass-pruned vines in La Mancha, or in the vineyards cultivated in the shelter of the Picón excavated in the soil of Lanzarote.
Agrosystems, with their different forms of cultivation, imply identity when talking about the vineyard or wine and constitute an element of high landscape value, that is, they make up the so-called rural landscapes , in which through their deep knowledge they will be able to establish the protection mechanisms to guarantee the custody of the territory.
For all this, it is necessary to agree with owners and Administration bodies in order to conserve and put more value on the agrosystems of the vine and maintain the identity of rural areas.
To learn more about the custody of the territory you can go to the website of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.