1- Vine Patterns: 196-17 Castel

The 196-17, or commonly also known as 19,000, has been a rootstock that has had its importance in the 70s and 80s in Spanish viticulture.

At present, it is a rootstock whose use is practically extinct, having been displaced by other rootstocks, and some hectares are planted, but practically in person.

Something is used in Galicia and León, (in the Bierzo valley) and little else.

2- Usual name

Its official name is: 196-17 Cl

3- Breeder

Pierre Castel is the man who obtained it at the beginning of the 20th century by crossing two other varieties.

4- Year of obtaining

1906 was the year this vine pattern was obtained.

5- Genetic origin

This rootstock appears by crossing 1203 Couderec (vitis vinifera-Vitis rupestris) and Vitis riparia cv. Glorie de Montpellier  

6- Resistance to soil parasites

The degree of tolerance of 196-17 to root phylloxera is medium and it is preferable to implant this pattern in situations that are not very favorable to this factor.

It is occasionally sensitive to the nematodes Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita.  

7- Adaptation to the agricultural environment

It is a very vigorous rootstock that develops quickly.

196-17 is sensitive to chlorosis and only resists up to 6% of IPC 5 active lime.

It is well adapted to drought and acid soils.

It has a slight tolerance to chlorides.

It is convenient to use it on slate or granite soils, dry, poor, superficial and stony, as well as on sandy soils with the absence of nematodes.   

8- Interaction with the variety of vineyard and production objectives

The vigor that 196-17 Cl confers on the vine variety is important and can be used for replacing plants in vineyards.

It is a vigorous rootstock but it is not very widespread in Spanish viticulture.

Clonal selection carried out in France: Only one clone has been selected, number 99.  

9- Aptitudes for vegetative multiplication

Its multiplication is quite satisfactory, it produces abundant wood that roots well.

Good sprouting and grafting skills.

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Dr. Sofia Seccombe

My name is Dr. Sofia Seccombe, and in this small section, I want to tell you who I am and why I started this project. I don't want to bore you, but I consider that it is an important part of godlywine. It serves as an exercise in transparency so that the person who reads the articles can be sure that the information is reliable.

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