1- Vine Patterns: 196-17 Castel
The 196-17, or commonly also known as 19,000, has been a rootstock that has had its importance in the 70s and 80s in Spanish viticulture.
At present, it is a rootstock whose use is practically extinct, having been displaced by other rootstocks, and some hectares are planted, but practically in person.
Something is used in Galicia and León, (in the Bierzo valley) and little else.
2- Usual name
Its official name is: 196-17 Cl
Pierre Castel is the man who obtained it at the beginning of the 20th century by crossing two other varieties.
4- Year of obtaining
1906 was the year this vine pattern was obtained.
5- Genetic origin
This rootstock appears by crossing 1203 Couderec (vitis vinifera-Vitis rupestris) and Vitis riparia cv. Glorie de Montpellier
6- Resistance to soil parasites
The degree of tolerance of 196-17 to root phylloxera is medium and it is preferable to implant this pattern in situations that are not very favorable to this factor.
It is occasionally sensitive to the nematodes Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita.
7- Adaptation to the agricultural environment
It is a very vigorous rootstock that develops quickly.
196-17 is sensitive to chlorosis and only resists up to 6% of IPC 5 active lime.
It is well adapted to drought and acid soils.
It has a slight tolerance to chlorides.
It is convenient to use it on slate or granite soils, dry, poor, superficial and stony, as well as on sandy soils with the absence of nematodes.
8- Interaction with the variety of vineyard and production objectives
The vigor that 196-17 Cl confers on the vine variety is important and can be used for replacing plants in vineyards.
It is a vigorous rootstock but it is not very widespread in Spanish viticulture.
Clonal selection carried out in France: Only one clone has been selected, number 99.
9- Aptitudes for vegetative multiplication
Its multiplication is quite satisfactory, it produces abundant wood that roots well.
Good sprouting and grafting skills.
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