1- Portainjertos de vid: 110 Richter
The R-110 rootstock is the most widely used in Spanish viticulture and the second in French. Due to its versatility for both climates and soils, it is distributed from north to south throughout the Spanish geography. Except for Syrah , it has a great affinity with most grape varieties. It completely displaced the old Richter-99, which was replaced almost entirely by the R-110.
2- Vine patterns: Denomination:
4- Year of obtaining:
5- Genetic origin:
It comes from the cross of Vitis berlandieri cv. Rességuier nº 2 and Vitis rupestris cv. Martin.
6- Resistance to soil parasites:
110 R has a good degree of tolerance to root phylloxera, but its resistance to the nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne arenaria is medium.
It has a good degree of resistance to Phytophtora cinnamomi.
7- Adaptation to the wine environment:
- The 110 R vine rootstock is moderately adapted to calcareous soils and its resistance to iron chlorosis is variable depending on the variety used.
- It is considered to resist up to 17% active lime and has an IPC 30.
- It is very well adapted to drought , but is very sensitive to permanent excess moisture.
- It is suitable for use on dry, poor, stony soils with little or no calcareous effect, such as slate floors or old terraces.
- It has a less penetrating root system , allowing this peculiarity to adapt to shallow soils.
- Its resistance to salinity is low.
8- Interaction with the variety and objectives of viticultural production:
The vigor transmitted by the 110 R vine rootstock is strong.
It is very powerful, favoring abundant production and imparting great vigor to the grafts.
This vine rootstock has a tendency to induce good fertility and to delay the vegetative cycle and maturation.
It can also favor color in some varieties such as Ugni Blanc.
Grafting with vine varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Caladoc, Cariñena, Garnacha Tinta, Marselan, Monastrell, Moscatel de Alejandria and Tempranillo give very good results.
On the contrary, it favors iron chlorosis and should be avoided with Syrah, as certain incompatibilities have been detected with this variety and with Pinot Noir.
Currently R-110 is the most widespread vine rootstock in Spanish viticulture because it is capable of adapting to highly variable situations.
The clones selected from the Richter pattern 110 are: 6, 7, 100, 118, 119, 139, 140, 151, 152, 163, 164, 180, 206, 237 and 756.
50% of the vine plants currently produced are with this rootstock.